[2], A memorial to Chandragupta Maurya exists on Chandragiri hill in Shravanabelagola, Karnakata. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. [37] An alternate version states that it was the Nanda king who was publicly insulted by Chanakya. He concluded these goddesses were protecting the town people. Eventually, they won and proclaimed Patliputra as their capital. [73], Chandragupta sent 500 war elephants to Seleucus, which played a key role in Seleucus' victory at the Battle of Ipsus. However, historian Radha Kumud Mukherjee opposed this theory, and stated that the word should be interpreted as "the best of kings”. [41], The Roman text by Justin mentions a couple of miraculous incidents that involved Sandracottus (Chandragupta) and presents these legends as omens and portents of his fate. [27][2][28], None of the ancient texts mention when Chandragupta was born. The state, however, encouraged competing private parties to operate mines and supply these centres. It states, among other things, that Rudradaman repaired and enlarged the reservoir and irrigation conduit infrastructure built by Chandragupta and enhanced by Asoka. [27] However, the story makes no mention of the Maurya empire, and mentions that his disciple Chandragupta lived in and migrated from Ujjain – a kingdom (northwest Madhya Pradesh) about a thousand kilometers west of the Magadha and Patliputra (central Bihar). [42][note 1] The Mudrarakshasa also states that Chanakya swore to destroy the Nanda dynasty after he felt insulted by the king. [102] Strabo, in his Geographica composed about 300 years after Chandragupta's death, describes aspects of his rule in his chapter XV.46–69. [21] These Buddhist sources attempt to link the dynasty of their patron Ashoka directly to the Buddha. ÜBER UNS. Chanakya, who was a Jain follower, persuaded Chandragupta to convert to Jainism by showing that Jain ascetics avoided women and focused on their religion. [24] The legend mentions Chanakya aiding the premature birth of Bindusara,[24] It states in verse 8.444 that "Chandragupta died in meditation (can possibly be sallekhana.) A later commentator used the former interpretation to posit that Chandragupta had a Shudra background. Mehr. A Phrygian King had bound a chariot yoke And Alexander cut the 'Gordian knot' And legend said that who untied the knot He would become the master of Asia. Held to only be vulnerable in his heel. [140] The Indian Postal Service issued a commemorative postage stamp honouring Chandragupta Maurya in 2001. Buddhism, Jainism and Ajivika gained prominence alongside Vedic and Brahmanistic traditions, and minority religions such as Zoroastrianism and the Greek pantheon were respected. The Nanda king is described to be cruel, against dharma and shastras, and born out of an illicit relationship followed by a coup. [23], The 12th-century Digambara text Parishishtaparvan by Hemachandra is the main and earliest Jain source of the complete legend of Chandragupta. [77], After annexing Seleucus' provinces west of the Indus river, Chandragupta had a vast empire extending across the northern Indian sub-continent from the Bay of Bengal to the Arabian Sea. [91] At the time of his grandson Ashoka's ascension in c. 268 BCE, the empire extended up to present-day Karnataka in the south, so the southern conquests may be attributed to either Chandragupta or his son Bindusara. This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 10:51. [60], These legends state that the Nanda king was defeated, but allowed to leave Pataliputra alive with a chariot full of items his family needed. [12], The pre-4th century Hindu Puranic texts mostly mirror the Greek sources. According to the Sinhalese Buddhist tradition, Chandragupta's mother was pregnant when his father - who was the chief of the Moriya clan - was killed in a battle. [106], Chanakya was concerned about Chandragupta's safety and developed elaborate techniques to prevent assassination attempts. [13], Hindu sources are inconsistent. Jainism at a glance. [9], The early life of Chandragupta Maurya is unclear and varies by source. [122][123], The evidence of arts and architecture during Chandragupta's time is mostly limited to texts such as those by Megasthenes and Kautilya. Chandragupta expanded "roads suitable for carts" as he preferred those over narrow tracks suitable for only pack animals. [135], Scholar of Jain studies and Sanskrit Paul Dundas says the Svetambara tradition of Jainism disputes the ancient Digambara legends. When Chandragupta grew up, the cowherd sold him to a hunter who employed him to tend cattle. [136] Digambaras wrote their own versions and legends after the 5th-century, with their first expanded Digambara version of sectarian split within Jainism appearing in the 10th-century. [106] The third administrative body overlooked the military, its training, its weapons supply, and the needs of the soldiers. and went to heaven". 1.374 Bewertungen, 1.618 authentische Reisefotos und günstige Angebote für Hotel Alexander The Great Beach. [44], According to the Buddhist text Mahavamsa Tika, Chandragupta and Chanakya raised an army by recruiting soldiers from many places after the former completed his education at Taxila. The Alexander the Great Beach Hotel in Paphos, on the southwestern coast of Cyprus, is a luxurious hotel directly overlooking a ‘Blue Flag’ sandy beach. In Ancient Greek and Latin accounts, Chandragupta is referred as Sandrokottos or Androcottus. [92], Maurya with his counsellor Chanakya together built one of the largest empires ever on the Indian subcontinent. [72] According to one version, the marriage treaty involved an Indian princess, while a different version states a Seleucid princess married into the Mauryan family. Chandragupta's life and accomplishments are described in ancient and historical Greek, Hindu, Buddhist and Jain texts, though they significantly vary in detail. Buddhist texts such as Milindapanha claim Magadha was ruled by the Nanda dynasty, which, with Chanakya's counsel, Chandragupta conquered to restore dhamma. [25][26] The earliest mention of Chandragupta's ritual death is found in Harisena's Brhatkathakosa, a Sanskrit text of stories about Digambara Jains. Many religions thrived within his realms and his descendants' empire. Contact 63077 Kryopigi Kassandra Halkidiki, Hellas Tel: + 30 23740 20210 Reservation: 801 1155550 Fax: + 30 23740 23588 E-mail: alexander@papcorp.gr MH.T.E. He had councillors for matters of justice and assessors to collect taxes on commercial activity and trade goods. : 09.38.K.01.4A.03007.0.0 Find us on map. [46][47] According to Justin, Chandragupta organized an army. Hotelbeschreibung Das Hotel Hotel Alexander The Great ist ein 4.5-Sterne-Hotel (Veranstalterkategorie) in Paphos, Zypern West. The Mauryan control of the region is further corroborated by the inscription on the rock, which suggests that Chandragupta controlled the Malwa region in Central India, located between Gujarat and Pataliputra. The Hemachandra version includes stories about Jain monks who could become invisible to steal food from royal storage and the Jain Brahmin Chanakya using violence and cunning tactics to expand Chandragupta's kingdom and increase royal revenues. [22] The sources claim that the family branched off to escape persecution from a king of the Kosala Kingdom and Chandragupta's ancestors moved into a secluded Himalayan kingdom known for its peacocks. The team of Alexander the Great Beach Hotel & P.A.P Hotels [79] However, the poems dated between 1st-century BCE to 5th-century CE do not mention Chandragupta Maurya by name, and some of them could be referring to a different Moriya dynasty in the Deccan region in the 5th century CE. Dikshitar stated there is no evidence to support this and Prabhacandra was an important Jain monk scholar who migrated centuries after Chandragupta Maurya's death. Chandragupta's's reign, and the Maurya Empire, set an era of economic prosperity, reforms, infrastructure expansions, and tolerance. [24] It states in verses 8.415 to 8.435, that for 15 years as king, Chandragupta was a follower of non-Jain "ascetics with the wrong view of religion" (non-Jain) and "lusted for women". Sindhu Publ., Bombay, 1971. Justin states Chandragupta was of humble origin and includes stories of miraculous legends associated with him, such as a wild elephant appearing and submitting itself as a ride to him before a war. According to historical Jain accounts, Chandragupta would renounce his throne to become a Jain monk, and would travel away from his empire to South India and committed sallekhana or fasting to death. This has led to the proposal that Harisena's Chandragupta may be a later era, different person. His main biographical sources in chronological order are:[8], The Greek and Roman texts do not mention Chandragupta directly, except for a 2nd-century text written by the Roman historian Justin. [2][9][10] According to Digambara Jain accounts that, Bhadrabahu forecasted a 12-year famine because of all the killing and violence during the conquests by Chandragupta Maurya. [38][39], After Taxila, Chandragupta and Chanakya moved to Patliputra, the capital and a historic learning center in the eastern Magadha kingdom of India. Achilles. [100][101] The empire was organised into territories (janapada), centres of regional power were protected with forts (durga), and state operations were funded with treasury (kosa). [20] These sources, written about seven centuries after his dynasty ended, state that both Chandragupta and his grandson Ashoka – a patron of Buddhism – were from a branch of the Shakya noble family, from which Gautama Buddha descended from. [130][25][131], In accordance with the Digambara tradition, the hill on which Chandragupta is stated to have performed asceticism is now known as Chandragiri hill, and Digambaras believe that Chandragupta Maurya erected an ancient temple that now survives as the Chandragupta basadi. Chandragupta's empire extended throughout most of the Indian subcontinent, spanning from modern day Bengal to Afghanistan across North India. Now $44 (Was $̶7̶9̶) on Tripadvisor: Alexander The Great Beach Hotel, Kriopigi. [111], Chandragupta and Chanakya seeded weapon manufacturing centres, and kept them as a state monopoly of the state. [69][70][a] According to Strabo, Seleucus Nicator gave these regions to Chandragupta along with a marriage treaty, and in return received five hundred elephants. MENU. Jainism is an ancient religion from India that teaches that the way to liberation and bliss is to live lives of harmlessness and renunciation. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. Die Preise wurden am 6.7.2020 bei einem Ankunftsdatum am 19.7.2020 errechnet. [116][117] The site was dated to 3rd century BCE by many scholars[116][117] but later dates such as the Kushan era (1st-4th century CE) have also been proposed. They predominantly mention the last Nanda Empire, who usurped the king before him. Euer Alexander the Great-Team. [136] The Svetambaras texts describe Bhadrabahu was based near Nepalese foothills of the Himalayas in 3rd-century BCE, who neither moved nor travelled with Chandragupta Maurya to the south; rather, he died near Patliputra, according to the Svetambara Jains. [124], Archeological discoveries in the modern age, such as those Didarganj Yakshi discovered in 1917 buried beneath the banks of the Ganges suggest exceptional artisanal accomplishment. [115] Frederick Asher of the University of Minnesota says "we cannot pretend to have definitive answers; and perhaps, as with most art, we must recognize that there is no single answer or explanation". [56] Chandragupta laid siege to Kusumapura (now Patna), the capital of Magadha, by deploying guerrilla warfare methods with the help of mercenaries from conquered areas. Gabriele Rosalie Helmer: Geschichten aus dem Jainismus. The edict inscriptions and carvings on monumental pillars are attributed to his grandson Ashoka. Jainism doesn't have a single founder. The townspeople removed the protective goddesses and an easy victory over the town followed. Beliebtes und gut geführtes Hotel mit einem 5 stockigen Haupthaus mit völlig renovierte Zimmer und Bungalows. [139], According to V. R. Ramachandra Dikshitar – an Indologist and historian, several of the Digambara legends mention Prabhacandra, whom had been misidentified as Chandragupta Maurya particularly after the original publication on Shravanabelagola epigraphy by B. Lewis Rice. Plutarch claims that he was a young man when he met Alexander during the latter's invasion of India (c. 326-325 BCE). [20][24] The Jain Brahmin then went about making money through magic, and returned later to claim young Chandragupta,[24] whom he taught and trained. [15] The word Vrishala has two meanings: one is the son of a Shudra; the other means the best of kings. [42][52] After Alexander ended his campaign and left, Chandragupta's army conquered the Nanda capital Pataliputra around 322 BCE with Chanakya's counsel. The truth has been revealed at different times by a tirthankara, which means a teacher who 'makes a ford' i.e. ALEXANDER. [81], Greek writer Phylarchus (c. 3rd century BCE), who is quoted by Athenaeus, calls Chandragupta "Sandrokoptos". AVM, München 2010, ISBN 978-3-89975-369-1. [34] He states that after Alexander's death, Chandragupta freed Indian territories from the Greeks and executed some of the governors. ALEXANDER THE GREAT BEACH HOTEL Restaurants & Bars. In the first incident, when Chandragupta was asleep after having escaped from Nandrum, a big lion came up to him, licked him, and then left. Early translators interpreted Justin's original expression as "body of robbers", but states Raychaudhuri, the original expression used by Justin may mean mercenary soldier, hunter, or robber. If the Jain tradition about Chandragupta ending his life as a renunciate in Karnakata is considered correct, it appears that Chandragupta initiated the southern conquest. [57] His grandson was emperor Ashoka who is famed for his historic pillars and his role in helping spread Buddhism outside of ancient India.[132][133]. Tel: 08761/7294700. This miniseries explores the legacy of Alexander the Great. [16][17][18] The common theme in the Hindu sources is that Chandragupta came from a humble background and with Chanakya he emerged as a dharmic king loved by his subjects. Assuming the Plutarch account is true, Raychaudhuri proposed in 1923 that Chandragupta may have been born after 350 BCE. His empire spread from Gibraltar to the Punjab, and he made Greek the lingua franca of his world, the language that helped spread early Christianity. shows the way. [110][111] Ancient epigraphical evidence suggests Chandragupta, under counsel from Chanakya, started and completed many irrigation reservoirs and networks across the Indian subcontinent to ensure food supplies for the civilian population and the army, a practice continued by his dynastic successors. [85] The word "Vrishala" is used in Indian epics and law books to refer to non-orthodox people. [9][10], Jeffery D. Long – a scholar of Jain and Hindu studies – says in one Digambara version, it was Samprati Chandragupta who renounced, migrated and performed sallekhana in Shravanabelagola. Alexander did as he as was asked, and, according to Onesicritus, they all had a lovely chat, at the conclusion of which Alexander the Great decided he'd had enough of the life of conquest and took his armies back home to Greece. 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